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a ketone body excreted in urination. Acetoacetate is often measured to determine if someone is in ketosis.
A positive result shows that the body is producing yet is not an indicator of whether the body is using the ketones.
These can be measured with urine sticks although these prove to be unreliable over time.
a Macronutrient that turns into glucose when processed during digestion. Typically found in grains, fruit, legumes, and sugar.
Carbohydrates and glucose have always been reported to provide energy for your body. The Keto Diet shows you that burning ketones and fat is a healthier, cleaner source of energy than glucose and carbs.
Cyclical ketogenic diet (CKD)
periods of higher-carb refeeds, such as 5 ketogenic days followed by 2 high-carb days.
Healthy fats can be found in whole foods. These can contain vital fatty acids, such as Omega-3 and Omega-6 that your body, especially your brain, needs to function. Many vitamins and minerals that you need for nutrition are fat-soluble – that is, they need fats to help them be absorbed by the body.
Electrolytes are minerals such as salt, potassium, and magnesium that help keep your body in balance and facilitate communication between your brain and your cells. The keto diet is a great way of eating yet many of the keto friendly foods lack the minerals we need (especially sodium).
A sugar from carbohydrates that your body needs to function. The calls in your body use it as food. It’s also known as “blood sugar”.
High-protein ketogenic diet
A hormone in the body that helps cells get the energy they need from glucose. Insulin “opens the mouth” of the tiny cells in your body, allowing them to receive glucose from the bloodstream.
A pattern of eating wherein you only eat during a limited time period – typically 4 to 8 hours – out of the day. Intermittent fasting is used by many to help reduce cravings, limited the number of calories they eat or perform “fasted cardio” exercise.
Side effects from switching to a Keto diet. The Keto Flu happens when the body’s glucose reserves deplete and it begins to use fat and stored adipose tissue for energy. It may leave people feeling groggy, lethargic, and disoriented. It can also lead to headaches and mild dehydration.
A diet designed to prompt your body to use stored fat for fuel. It’s a low carbohydrate diet designed to place your body in a state of ketosis, or fat burning. Learn more about the ketogenic diet here.
Molecules in your body that are protein markers. With the ketogenic diet, carbohydrates and glucose are reduced and the body creates and fuels itself from fat and ketones. The brain can use ketones for energy.
The state of using fat for fuel versus glucose. Ketosis is the desired outcome when reducing carbohydrates. It’s a cleaner fuel than glucose.
A diet in which carbohydrate foods are limited in order to lose weight or reduce insulin resistance. This is different from a Ketogenic diet because your body might not be in a steady state of ketosis.
“Macros” is an abbreviated term of macronutrients. Your macros are your daily intake of “the big 3” nutrients: fats, protein, and carbohydrates.
The base line of carbs you ingest, minus those from dietary fiber
The building blocks of muscle. This macronutrient is responsible for helping you grow muscle and repair the body, including tears in the muscles and fibers connecting them.
Standard ketogenic diet (SKD)
very low-carb, moderate-protein and high-fat diet. It typically contains 75% fat, 20% protein and only 5% carbs
Targeted ketogenic diet (TKD)
add carbs around workouts. This may be used by those who are training for sports that require a lot of endurance.
The complete amount of carbohydrates that you take in, including those from dietary fiber. Because fiber isn’t easily digested, the gram of carbs that come from fiber typically isn’t counted into your macros from a ketogenic diet.
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